Taxpayers’ money would be better invested by sharing results with others. As we are based in XBRL and other standards, some deliverables may also be of interest for others who also share standards. Knowledge and demonstrators would be freely shared, being a pre-requisite for the academy. However, actual implementations always require specialized support, and this effort is NOT for free.
Open sharing is recommended, among others, by the European Commission in the Open Source Observatory and Repository: Studies
- Global compatibility Matrix between all OSI-approved licenses and the EUPL (July 2011)
- Guideline for Public administrations on Procurement and Open Source Software (June 2010)
- OSOR: The more they know the more they share. Introducing Open Source Software communities to Europe’s public sector (May 2010)
- The acquisition of (open-source) software. A guide for ICT buyers in the public and semi-public sectors (March 2008)
- Enterprise Directorate General. IDA/GPOSS: Encouraging Good Practice in the use of Open Source Software in Public Administrations (2005): Guideline for public administrations on partnering with free software developers
Intellectual property: Copyrigth, Licenses and Public Tenders:
For non-software deliverables, a copyright notice is the well established method. A suggestion is the use of Creative Commons license, available in different degrees of permission. See below an practical example, and full details at http://creativecommons.org/licenses
For software deliverables, it is suggested the inclusion of the following text in the public tender procedures, with the objective of made available to the community the deliverables already afforded with taxpayers’ money. CENATIC has provided the following suggestion of clauses to be included in the software public tenders for open software deliverables:
<ENTITY> will own all right title and interest in all products (including software, data, information and other works such as preparatory documentation, specifications, presentations, dlls, scripts, etc.) created and developed by the Contractor, [including without limitation its employees and subcontractors], in performance of the Contract (“Results”) and in particular all rights of intellectual property (copyright) and industrial property (patent or design rights, trademark rights) and in the same. This assignment includes all exploitation rights in the Results, in any form or manner with worldwide scope. <ENTITY> reserves all its rights pertaining to the ownership of copyright, patent, trademark and other rights in the Results
<ENTITY> will be rightsholder of all the rights referred to in the previous paragraph for the maximum term established by law, for all the world and, accordingly, it will be the only person that may exploit the Results, before or after termination of the Contract. The authors of the Results will retain all rights in the works to which they may be entitled under Authors’ Moral Rights of the applicable copyright/patent law. For the purposes set out in the previous paragraph, the Contractor undertakes to deliver all the technical documentation and deliverables created during the stages of analysis, design, development, implementation and testing of the Results to the <ENTITY>, in whose possession they will remain on termination of the Contract, and the Contractor may not make any use of the same for the benefit of third parties.
In the event that the Contractor incorporates into the Results any product, module or other element owned by a third party and distributed under an Open Source Software license, the Contractor must verify and guarantee that such components may be legally distributed with the Results under the EUPL. Any exceptions to this rule must have prior approval in writing of the <ENTITY>. In the event that Contractor incorporates into the Results any product, module or other element owned by a third party and distributed subject to other types of license, the Contractor must acquire from the legitimate owners of the same all rights necessary to assign the rights in the Results to <ENTITY> in accordance with these conditions and in such a manner that the <ENTITY> may license the Results to third parties in accordance with the previous paragraph.
(Option: Free/Libre/Open-Source Software –FLOSS-) <ENTITY> intends to distribute to third parties the software programs, data and/or information developed under this Contract under a license that guarantees that: It/they may be executed for any purpose. Access is given to its/their source code. It/they may be modified or improved. It/they may be redistributed to other.
(Option: European Union Public License –EUPL-) <ENTITY> intends to distribute all software programs, data and/or information developed under this Contract under one or more versions of the European Union Public License (EUPL). www.osor.eu/eupl
¡(Option: Apache License, Version 2.0 –Apache-) <ENTITY> intends to distribute all software programs, data and/or information developed under this Contract under one or more versions of the The Apache Software Foundation License (Apache). www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0